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General information

BOLIVIA: “Cultural and natural diversity”

Bolivia Plurinational State

It gets this name in tribute of the liberator Simon Bolivar, and it is located in the centre of South America. It borders to north and east with Brazil, to the south east with Paraguay, to the south with Argentina, to the southwest with Chile and to the North West with Peru.

Its extension is 1 098 581 km2. The fundamental characteristic of the physic constitution of Bolivia is the contrast between cold Andean zones and warmth plains of the oriental land. Bolivia belongs to the Andean high plateau relief, which is divided in two chains: the Volcanic Occidental and the Oriental called as Royal. Between those two branch stretch the Altiplano, where is La Paz, the capital that lies at 3 636 meters above sea level, with 100 000 km2 and a middle height of 3500 meters.

On the side of the oriental Andean lays the valleys and the warmth fertile valleys, medium region between the Altiplano and the Oriental plains. The latest ones covers the three fourth parts of the Bolivian territory, it extend to the east until disappear in the jungle of Brazil and Chaco region.

The capital is Sucre city and the government seat is La Paz. The republic is divides into nine departments and those are divided in provinces (99) and those in cantons.

Apart from Spanish, official language, Quechua, Aymara and Guaraní are also spoken. The actual territory of the Republic of Bolivia was part of the vast Inca’s empire in the pre-Columbian epoch.

Foundation

Bolivia born to Republican life in 6 august of 1825 like free nation, independent, sovereign, multi-ethnic and pluri-cultural, the same as the Politic Constitution of the State says in the 1 article. Besides it takes for government the form of Unitary, democratic, representative and presidential Republic.

Politic Division

The country is political and administrative structured in nine departments, 112 provinces, 314 municipalities and 1 384 cantons. (Source: COMLIT)

DEPARTMENT

Chuquisaca

La Paz

Cochabamba

Oruro

Potosí

Tarija

Santa Cruz

Beni

Pando

SURFACE

51,524

133,985

55,631

53,588

118,218

37,623

370,621

213,564

63,827

CAPITAL

Sucre

La Paz

Cochabamba

Oruro

Potosí

Tarija

Santa Cruz de la Sierra

Trinidad

Cobija

ALTITUDE

2.790

3.640

2.558

3.709

4.070

1.866

416

236

221

Money Unit:

Boliviano (Bs)

RELIGION:

The state recognizes and keeps the Catholic Religion, but guaranties the public exercise.

PLACES DECLARED CULTURAL PATRIMONY OF THE HUMANITY FOR THE UNESCO:

• Potosí (Cultural 11/12/1987)

• Misiones Jesuiticas de Chiquitos (Cultural 12/12/1990)

• Sucre, Ciudad Histórica (Cultural 13/12/1991)

• Samaipata (Cultural 5/12/1998)

• Tiwanacu (Cultural 30/12/1987)

OFICIAL HOUR:

GMT less 4 hours.

WEATHER:

Each zone has its own weather, changing according the altitude and the geographical location. In general terms:

• The Altiplano, from 3600 meters above sea level to 4200 meters above sea level has a temperature annual of 8C, cold and dry.

• The valleys, from 1500 to 2900 meters above sea level, have an annual temperature medium of 18 C, temperate and semi dry.

• The plains, north, east and south, from 180 to 3100 meters above sea level, with the temperature medium of 27 C, hot and humid.

Geographical Areas:

• MOUNTAIN RANGE located to 3000 to 4000 meters above sea level. La Paz, Oruro and Potosi are the departments which are in this area.

SIMPOLOS PATRIOTIC:

• NATIONAL FLAG, established in 17 august 1825, during the government of Gral. Manuel Isidoro Belzu. The flag has three horizontal symmetric stripes. The superior stripe is red, the middle stripe is yellow and the inferior stripe is green.

• NATIONAL SHIELD, The actual coat of arms, it was changed twice from its creation in 17 august 1825, it represent a synthesis of the emancipation war against the Spaniard crown. Between its components appear a blue field oval with the Bolivia name and ten golden stars representing the ten departments including the Litoral. Inside it we can see the Rich Hill of Potosi, synthesis of mineral riches. The tree of bread, which represents the vegetal richness. The sheaf of wheat, figure of agriculture and a rising sun that represents the great national future.

• WIPHALA. Comes from Aymara term which means flag and it is the Andean emblem is a square shape, different to the Bolivian flag which is rectangular shape, because express the organization, harmony, unity and equality. This squared flag has seven colors used as a symbol by indigenous people in Bolivia.

National Holidays

New Year: 1ro January. Carnival: 26 and 27 February. Good Friday: 13 April. Labor Day: 1 May. Corpus Christy: 14 Juin. National Holiday: 6 August. Hollow Day: 2 November. Christmas: 25 December.

DEPARTAMENTAL HOLIDAYS

CIVIC HOLIDAYS: Oruro 10 February, Tarija 15 April, Chuquisaca 25 May, La Paz 16 July, Cochabamba 14 September, Santa Cruz 24 September, Pando 1 October, Potosi 10 November and Beni 18 November.

© Senda Andina - 2017

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